US Congressman Kevin McCarthy, a Republican from California, leaves the House floor after it adjourned for the night on Jan 4, 2023, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (JACQUELYN MARTIN / AP)
WASHINGTON – The US House of Representatives remains in turmoil with no speaker elected on the second day of voting.
House members voted on Wednesday night to adjourn until noon Thursday, prolonging a historical political stalemate that has paralyzed the lower chamber.
US Congressman Kevin McCarthy, a Republican from California, failed to secure enough votes another three times earlier in the day due to intra-party division.
House members voted three times on Tuesday — the opening day of the divided 118th Congress — but McCarthy fell short of the necessary votes to be the next speaker.
McCarthy has the support of most House Republicans and former US president Donald Trump, but a handful of hardliners have opposed his bid to lead the conference by arguing that he is insufficiently conservative while refusing to decentralize the speaker's power
It was the first time a House speaker — who maintains order, manages its proceedings, and governs the administration of its business on the lower chamber's floor — hadn't been elected on the first ballot in 100 years.
The 435-seat House will have to vote on until a speaker is elected with a majority of votes. Before that, members cannot be sworn in and committees cannot be formed with the rest of business stalled.
US Congresswoman Elissa Slotkin, a Michigan Democrat, tweeted that the infighting "isn't just a shame for Republicans, it's bad for the entire country."
US President Joe Biden, a Democrat, reacted to the political drama surrounding the House speakership vote on Wednesday morning, saying that "it's embarrassing the way it's taking so long."
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"How do you think this looks to the rest of the world?" Biden told reporters at the White House before leaving for Hebron, Kentucky. "It's not a good look. It's not a good thing."
McCarthy has the support of most House Republicans and former US president Donald Trump, but a handful of hardliners have opposed his bid to lead the conference by arguing that he is insufficiently conservative while refusing to decentralize the speaker's power.
The House has elected a speaker 127 times since 1789. There have been 14 instances of speaker elections requiring multiple ballots.
Thirteen of 14 multiple-ballot elections occurred before the Civil War, when party divisions were more nebulous, according to Congressional historians. The last time a speaker election required two or more votes on the floor happened in 1923.
Members walk on the House floor in the House chamber during a roll call vote on the motion to adjourn as the House meets for a second day to elect a speaker and convene the 118th Congress in Washington on Jan 4, 2023. (ANDREW HARNIK / AP)
Harvard legal scholar Laurence Tribe tweeted on Wednesday that "because the House of Representatives, unlike the Senate, is not a continuing body, it must reassemble itself without full constitutional authority every two years, like someone rebuilding a ship on the open seas."
"But when the voyage is this rough, that's a sign of dysfunction," Tribe said.
All House Democrats have voted for Congressman Hakeem Jeffries, a New York Democrat, to be speaker.
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Though it's unlikely for Jeffries to attain the position, he is set to become the first African American lawmaker to lead a party in either chamber of the US Congress.
Republicans flipped the House in the 2022 midterm elections while Democrats held onto their majority in the Senate.
The new Congress convened for the first time on Tuesday, with US Vice-President Kamala Harris presiding over the opening of the 100-people upper chamber in which Democrats control 51 seats versus 49 for Republicans.
Chuck Schumer from New York and Mitch McConnell from Kentucky remain the Senate majority leader and minority leader, respectively.