Kenya's Supreme Court judges led by Chief Justice Martha Koome (centre) flanked by her deputy, Philomena Mwilu (second left) and judges (from left) Isaac Lenaola, Smokin Wanjala, Mohamed Ibrahim, Njoki Ndung'u and William Ouko arrive to begin hearing the day's submissions from counsel representing president-elect William Ruto at the Supreme Court of Kenya in Nairobi on Sept 1, 2022, where the result of the national poll is being challenged by the Raila Odinga led Azimio political coalition. (TONY KARUMBA / AFP)
NAIROBI – Kenya's Supreme Court will decide on Monday whether to uphold or nullify the result of last month's presidential election, a ruling anxiously awaited in a country scarred by previous bouts of poll-related violence.
The seven-member court will rule following three days of oral arguments last week by lawyers representing the two main candidates and rival camps of election commissioners.
Opposition leader Raila Odinga, making his fifth presidential bid, says Deputy President William Ruto's narrow win was the product of massive fraud. Four out of seven election commissioners disowned the result announced by the commission chairman, saying the tallying had been opaque
Opposition leader Raila Odinga, making his fifth presidential bid, says Deputy President William Ruto's narrow win was the product of massive fraud. Four out of seven election commissioners disowned the result announced by the commission chairman, saying the tallying had been opaque.
The Supreme Court made history in the last election in 2017 by annulling President Uhuru Kenyatta's victory over Odinga because of procedural irregularities.
Kenyatta prevailed in a re-run that Odinga boycotted.
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About 100 people were killed in election-related clashes that year. This time, protests briefly broke out in several Odinga strongholds after the election commission chair declared Ruto the victor on Aug. 15, but Odinga urged supporters to stay peaceful and the streets have remained calm since.
Tempers have mainly flared online, where Odinga and Ruto's partisans have bombarded social media with often outlandish claims and counter-claims.
Odinga, who was backed by the term-limited Kenyatta in this election, has alleged that a team working for Ruto hacked into the commission's system and replaced genuine pictures of polling station result forms with fake ones, increasing Ruto's share.
"The evidence that has been presented by the petitioner shows a well orchestrated and fraudulent scheme that was executed with military precision," Odinga's lawyer, Philip Murgor, told the court on Friday.
Odinga and the four dissident commissioners also accuse commission chairman Wafula Chebukati of violating electoral law by unilaterally carrying out the vote tally and declaring the result. The official numbers showed Ruto receiving 50.49 percent, enough to avoid a second round run-off.
Ruto and Chebukati have rejected all of these allegations. Ruto's legal team dismissed Odinga's claims as a "shock and awe" strategy that lacks concrete evidence.
READ MORE: Kenya's Odinga says presidential election result a 'travesty'
If the court nullifies the result, a new election must be organized within 60 days. The court's decision is final. read more
Kenya is a key Western ally in an unstable region, contributing troops to peacekeeping missions in Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It also hosts the regional headquarters of many global companies and organizations.
While generally stable, it has seen repeated instances of election-related violence, often along ethnic lines.
More than 1,200 were killed in clashes after the 2007 election, when Odinga accused then-President Mwai Kibaki’s party of massive rigging.